ParaJumbles – A Formulated Approach

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Step 1:

  • Read all the sentences in one go without concentrating on their arrangement.
  • The main focus in this step shall be to get the central idea of the whole paragraph.
  • Once you get the central idea, your brain forms a structure of the whole passage which will eventually help you in arranging the sentences.

Step 2:

  • Once you have understood the central idea, you have to focus on identifying the sentence that will start the paragraph.
  • The starting sentence is generally one which will introduce an idea, a topic, a person, a concept etc.
  • Since you have got the gist of the passage in the 1st step you will be able to identify the opening sentence.
  • This is because understanding the central theme in advance will trigger your brain to process the sentence arrangement in a structured manner.

Step 3:

  • Identify Mandatory pairs.
  • Mandatory pairs can be identified by looking at the flow of the passage. For instance, if in one sentence the name of a person is stated, followed by the usage of a pronoun(he, she etc.) then such sentences form a pair. Moreover, if one sentence cites the reason for an action that took place followed by the effect it had, then such sentences also form a mandatory pair.
  • Always remember the flow of the passage will be from:
  1. General to Specific
  2. Past to Present
  3. Cause then Effect
  4. Introduction of an idea followed by elaboration on it

Step 4:

  • Read the passage again in the order that you have arranged to verify if the paragraph as a whole makes sense.

Keywords that Can never Start the Paragraph:

  • Moreover, Furthermore, However, Although, Nevertheless, Notwithstanding
  • Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly etc.
  • Not only….But also, Additionally, Similarly, Likewise
  • Pronouns – He, She, They, Them, We, It etc.
  • Basically, a sentence beginning with such keywords can never be the opening sentence.

Example:

  1. Post offices and Public sector banks could supplement micro-credit institutions in this regard.
  2. They are trusted institutions, and have already built up credit and savings channels for the poor.
  3. In a recent paper, Wouter Van Ginneken of the International Labor Organization has argued that micro-finance institutions could play an important role in providing social security.
  4. To overcome this weakness, Ginneken suggests that micro-credit organizations should outsource the insurance part of their business.
  5. But one problem is that most micro-credit institutions are small and lack expertise in the insurance business.

Now let us make use of all the step listed above:

  • Read all the sentences to form a gist of the paragraph. The gist of the paragraph is that it is talking about Micro-Finance institutions, how these institutions are beneficial to people, what are the problems faced by them and how can they be solved.
  • Identifying the opening sentence. The 3rd sentence is the opening sentence since it introduces us to a person, and also presents his attitude towards Micro-Finance Institutions (which is our main topic).
  • The next sentence shall be sentence 2 since the pronoun ‘They’ refers to the Micro-Finance Institutions.
  • Now sentence 1 and 4 talks about a solution (hence they form a pair), while sentence 5 talks about a problem. Obviously, sentence 5 which poses a problem shall come before sentences 1 and 4, which offers a solution to the problem. The order uptil now is 3-2-5.
  • Now between sentence 1 and 4, 4 shall come 1st since sentence 4 offers a solution and sentence 1 deals with the implementation of this solution.
  • Hence the final arrangement is 3-2-5-4-1. Re-read the paragraph in this order to verify if it makes sense and yes it does makes sense, so that is our answer.

Keep Practicing with the above mentioned steps and you all will definitely improve at ParaJumbles.

 

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